19 Dec Us Open To Nuclear Agreement With Russia Before Including China
“Now it depends on the United States – if the U.S. thinks it`s worth continuing this dialogue with Russia or, from the U.S. perspective, Chinese participation is an absolute imperative that prevents the United States from pursuing a judicious and forward-looking dialogue with Russia on arms control,” he said. Asked about the Trump administration`s view on the renewal of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), which expires in 2010, Billingslea said, “We have not made a decision on the renewal of the agreement and, if so, for what period of time.” If Russia`s adoption of a one-year freeze means that the Trump administration has succeeded in persuading Moscow to negotiate a treaty limiting all U.S. and Russian nuclear weapons, it is a laudable breakthrough. Indeed, a treaty covering nuclear weapons of both sides has long seemed to be the next logical step after New START (President Obama proposed such a negotiation in 2010). As talks between the United States and Russia on the future of the world`s two largest nuclear arsenals begin Monday in Vienna, diplomats and experts warned that President Donald Trump`s insistence on China`s accession to the talks could hinder the renewal of a crucial treaty and even begin a new nuclear arms race. But achieving a three-way agreement is a company that faces great obstacles. First, U.S. officials said they wanted a broader agreement on non-strategic weapons and an even stricter overhaul, which experts say would take months – if not years. Moscow, however, warns against engaging China in negotiations on a new beginning, with the CBO estimating the costs if the United States increases its strategic nuclear forces to the level of three previous arms control treaties: the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), which limits warheads to 6,000 for each party; the 1993 START II agreement, which aims to limit warheads between 3,000 and 3,500, but has never entered into force; and SORT, which limited the warheads between 1700 and 2,200. Billingslea met Ryabkov in Vienna from 17 to 18 August. According to Billingslea, a phone call between Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin on July 23 and working group discussions between US and Russian technical experts at the end of the month paved the way for the August meeting.
Trump also rejected a multinational denuclearization agreement with Iran and pulled the United States out of the pioneering Paris climate agreement.